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Chapter 2 Images & Maps

Select an image to view/download from this chapter.

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image1607 to 1692
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image1700 to 1763

 

 

Game: "Colonists"— tests knowledge of the European powers that competed to dominate the American continents

Game: "Indians"— a challenging quiz about specific Native American tribes

 

 

Teacher's Guide: Map PowerPoint
The American Revolution: From Lexington to Yorktown

1. Introductory Slide:
The French and Indian War is one of the least understood events in American history despite the fact that it had enormous consequences for both the British and French empires.

2. Slide Two
The war began in 1754 as Virginia attempted to advance its land claims. George Washington encountered and attacked a French delegation and soon constructed a defensive fortification known as Fort Necessity. The French soon retaliated and Washington was forced to surrender the garrison (ironically on July 4th). The French and Indian War was the first conflict to BEGIN in the colonies and spread to Europe. It was truly "America's war."

3. Slide Three
The British sent an army under the command of General Edward Braddock to the colonies to fight the French. Braddock's force was ill-prepared for fighting on the frontier and its arduous march from the Potomac to Fort Duquesne was a fiasco. When the British troops finally did engage the French, the enemy cleverly used "Indian-style" tactics and decimated the British force. In the fighting, Braddock was killed.

4. Slide Four
The battle at Fort William Henry was a major British defeat. It is particularly interesting today because of its portrayal in the film The Last of the Mohicans. You may want to show the scene of the siege of the fort and then have the students research the actual battle and compare it to the Hollywood version (and/or that of James Fenimore Cooper). What does this say about so-called history films?

5. Slide Five
The British conquest of Quebec and Montreal doomed the French. During the siege of Quebec, the British general, James Wolfe, was killed. This dramatic moment was immortalized in Benjamin West's painting, "The Death of Wolfe." This would be a good opportunity to incorporate art in your lesson. Have the students research West, neoclassicism, history painting, and "The Death of Wolfe." With the loss of its major holdings in Canada, the French signed the Treaty of Paris 1763.

6. Slide Six
The significance of the French and Indian War was enormous. Ultimately, it meant that there was no longer a French threat on the continent and the British Empire was in desperate need of money. Colin Calloway writes, "More American territory changed hands at the Peace of Paris 'than by any other international settlement before or since.' To steal a phrase from nineteenth-century historian Francis Parkman, 'half a continent...changed hands at the scratch of a pen.' The Mississippi River had formerly run down the middle of French Louisiana and unified the colony; now it split the continent between Britain and Spain.